UNESCO FJORDS: From Nærøyfjord to Geirangerfjord: Surface processes and landscape development in the fjord area of western Norway
Field guide (PDF 18.06)
Leaders: Inge Aarseth, Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen (email@example.com); Atle Nesje, Department of Earth Science and Bjerknes Research Centre, University of Bergen (Atle.Nesje@geo.uib.no); Ola Fredin, Geological Survey of Norway Trondheim (Ola.Fredin@ngu.no).
Purpose: In 2005 UNESCO included two fjords in western Norway on their World Heritage List. The selection of these two fjords was mainly done for geological and geomorphological reasons. National Geographic Traveller has also named the Norwegian fjords as the world's best travel destination. The whole fjord area has a remarkable scenery as well as a cultural heritage. In the western Norwegian fjord district mankind has struggled against, as well as in partnership with nature since prior to the Viking Age.
This excursion will provide a detailed and integrated overview of processes, deposits, landforms, human impact and landscape development in the heartland of the fjords. The excursion will include the discussion of long-term pre-Quaternary landscape development, Quaternary glaciations, deglaciation as well as present-day surface processes including denudation and accumulation rates. The area has long been the focus of Quaternary, marine as well as geomorphological studies. Ongoing research programs deal with several topics such as glaciers reaction to global warming, geohazards from snow as well as from rock avalanches (historic and potential tsunamis). The invited field guides have all long experience and expertise from the excursion area. The fjord area is invaded by a million tourists every year and land use can be excellently demonstrated to geoscientists from both Norway and other countries of the world.